A Civil War anniversary

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01852vTomorrow (Sunday) is the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Franklin, Tennesee, which has been described as “second only to Gettysburg in importance during the entire war.” The U.S. Civil War.

It’s an important anniversary for my family and me because that was the battle that shaped the rest of my great-great-grandfather’s life.

Adolph Redick didn’t die in that battle, but in a related battle of another sort, the story of which was pieced together by the joint efforts of my sister the genealogist and me about three years ago. I posted a version of this story on my old blog in 2011.

Adolph Redick was born in Posen (then in Prussia) in 1827. A stonemason (this is related to the usual theme of this blog!), he emigrated with his wife Christina to Chicago sometime around 1860.d3f45-lookout2bcopy

In 1864, Adolph’s friend John Stubenbeck encouraged him to enlist in the 51st Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company K. (That’s a picture of some of the men of the 51st Illinois, Company K, at Lookout Mountain near Chattanooga, Tennessee, at the right. I checked with an archivist at the United States Army Military History Institute in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, which holds the photo, but was told that none of the men is identified in the picture. So I just imagine that GGGrandfather Adolph is among them.)

During the Battle of Franklin he was clocked in the head with the barrel of a Confederate rifle:

“While making a charge on the enemy we were attacked by some infantry hidden behind a rail fence. Redieck (sic) received a blow on his head with the barrel end of a gun which stunned him and he dropped. I, being a neighbor of his at home and had induced him to enlist, I assisted him as much as I could and looked for him to be placed in an ambulance. A week or so later he performed his duty again,” Stubenbeck said in support of Adolph’s disability application (“Proof of Incurrence of Disability”) more than 20 years later.

According to the “Declaration for Original Invalid Pension” completed in 1885, Adolph also contracted malaria while on duty in New Orleans in 1865, resulting in “dropsy and general debility.” He was treated at regimental headquarters up to the time of his discharge, and “ever since then.”

17a8b-frontback(Adolph entered the 51st Illinois as a private, and mustered out as a corporal at the end of the war in 1865. Above is a photo of a replica of his dogtag.)

Once home, Christina reported that he grew increasingly “irascible,” according to my conversation with a cousin, Adolph’s great-granddaughter. Christina ultimately had him committed to the Cook County Insane Asylum at Dunning in 1886, where he died of a hemorrhage three years later.

In his statement, Stubenbeck also said, “I believe the blow (from the Confederate rifle) was what made him insane and caused his death.”

A “Claimant’s Affidavit,” completed (with assistance) by Christina on 15 November 1898, tells the story of his commitment to Dunning: “My husband was sick on bed until the last eight months of his life. He was complaining ever since he returned home from the war of sickness, mostly about his severe headache. His only brother who died two years ago living in close neighborhood took him often to doctors, dispensaries, etc. The only doctor I had to go along was the County Physician Dr. Bluthardt who send him to the Insane Asylum in 1886. He died in 1889 there. It was my brother in law who attended to my pension claim in 1890. I cannot speak English whatsoever so I left everything to him.”

According to Dunning records, he was buried in the asylum’s cemetery.

Dunning, like many similar institutions of the time, was a scary and shameful place to be associated with. In his book Challenging Chicago. Coping with Everyday Life, 1837-1920, Perry Duis (a history professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago), wrote:

“For many generations of Chicago children, bad behavior came to a halt with a stern warning: ‘Be careful, or you’re going to Dunning.’ The prospect sent shivers down the spines of youngsters, who regarded it as the most dread place imaginable… Dunning … evoked images of gloomy institution walls, the cries of the insane, and the hopeless poor peering from its window.”

Adolph’s reward for winding up in Dunning? His son changed the family name from Redick to Richard.

But there was another indignity to come. Dunning officially closed on 30 June 1912, and reopened the next day as Chicago State Hospital. It later became the Chicago-Read Mental Health Center. The asylum’s graveyard was forgotten until excavation for a commercial-residential project on the site was begun in the late 1980s. The crews working on the site found skeletal remains and a mummified corpse, and a “cemetery genealogist” (according to a Chicago Tribune story) estimated the cemetery that stood there contained 38,000 bodies. It was determined that it had been the public burial ground for the indigent and mentally ill from nearby poorhouse-insane asylum complex. Owing largely to the efforts of Rev. William Brauer, the remains were transferred to five acres of state-owned property nearby and made into “Read-Dunning Memorial Park.” It features eight markers indicating the groups who are buried there, including “insane asylum,” “orphaned/abandoned children,” and unclaimed corpses from the Great Chicago Fire.

2aaa7-dunning2baerial2bcropJurisdiction of the park – and hence, responsibility for maintaining it – has been in dispute, but the cause of preserving it has been taken up by a local group. In addition, Barry Fleig, cemetery chairman of the Chicago Genealogical Society before he retired to Phoenix, has compiled a searchable database of 8,000 of the souls buried there.~TM

Terry Murray

d3f45-lookout2bcopyToday is Remembrance Day (or Veterans Day for you American readers), which was begun after the First World War. So, in a departure from gargoyles and architecture, I’d like to write today about my great-great-grandfather Adolph Redick, who fought on the Union side in the U.S. Civil War.

He didn’t die in a Civil War battle, but a battle of another sort, the story of which has been pieced together by the joint efforts of my sister the genealogist and me.

Adolph Redick was born in Posen (then in Prussia) in 1827. A stonemason (I guess this is related to the usual theme of this blog!), he emigrated with his wife Christina to Chicago sometime around 1860.

In 1864, Adolph’s friend John Stubenbeck encouraged him to enlist in the 51st Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company K. (That’s a picture of some of the men of the 51st Illinois, Company K, at…

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Gargoyles in the news

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Woman killed by falling gargoyle

A 34-year-old woman was killed when she was struck by a piece of a stone gargoyle that fell from a Chicago church in early September. Sarah Bean, 34, was a mother of two and a medical technician at a local hospital. Lance Johnson, her fiance, has filed a wrongful death lawsuit seeking more than $100,000 in damages, according to a story in the Chicago Sun-Times. He and Bean were going to lunch when she was hit.

An annual inspection of the Second Presbyterian Church, at 19th Street and Michigan Avenue, was planned for later this year, the Sun-Times story said. City inspectors visited the church most recently in October 2013 for a “minor inspection,” but a 2011 city-ordered structural engineering report noted problems but no “imminently hazardous conditions” at the church which is more than 100 years old. The church subsequently passed inspections in early 2012 and 2013.

 

Philly gargoyles make annual appearance

Credit: Krystle Marcellus/Eastern State Penitentiary

Credit: Krystle Marcellus/Eastern State Penitentiary

Earlier this month, two 300-lb. gargoyles were raised to the top of the facade of the abandoned Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia. The gargoyles – Frank and Carson – are brought out to help … celebrate? … “Terror Behind the Walls,” called the largest haunted house in the U.S., which is running this year from 19 Sept. through 8 Nov. The event has been held since 1991.

Frank and Carson were designed and built specifically for Eastern State Penitentiary by Creative Visions in St. Louis.

Credit: Krystle Marcellus/Eastern State Penitentiary

Credit: Krystle Marcellus/Eastern State Penitentiary

Proceeds from admissions go to the operation and preservation of the 19th-century prison, which is National Historic Landmark, according to its website.

Eastern State Penitentiary at night • Credit: Sean Kelley/Eastern State Penitentiary

Eastern State Penitentiary at night • Credit: Sean Kelley/Eastern State Penitentiary

 

Syracuse residents urged to look up

David Lassman, a writer-photographer at syracuse.com, the website of The Post-Standard newspaper, recently urged people to look up and take notice of the “interesting stone images” on the New York city’s many 19th- and early 20th-century buildings. He posted nearly 30 photos of gargoyles (“a weird feature not seen in today’s architecture”), “classical statues” and other faces watching over the them.